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Macro Photography

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== Technical considerations ==
 
== Technical considerations ==
 
[[Depth of field]] is an important consideration in macro photography. This makes it essential to [[focus]] critically on the most important part of the subject. Parts of the subject that are even a millimeter closer or farther might be noticeably blurry. Due to this, the use of a microscope stage is highly recommended for precise focus with large magnification such as photographing skin cells.
 
[[Depth of field]] is an important consideration in macro photography. This makes it essential to [[focus]] critically on the most important part of the subject. Parts of the subject that are even a millimeter closer or farther might be noticeably blurry. Due to this, the use of a microscope stage is highly recommended for precise focus with large magnification such as photographing skin cells.
 
Camera movement can be a problem at extremely close distances due to the paper-thin [[Depth of field]]. Use of a tripod or other camera support can be extremely helpful, and is essential when lighting conditions require slow shutter speeds. Tripods and other supports can be equipped with a [[Macro rack]], a device that allows fine movement of the camera toward or away from the subject along the lens axis without moving the tripod.
 
   
 
[[Lighting]] can be difficult. Some cameras can focus on subjects so close that they touch the front piece of glass in the lens. It's impossible to place a light between the camera and a subject that close, making this extreme close-up photography impractical. A normal-focal-length lens (50 mm on a 35 mm camera) can focus so close that lighting remains difficult. To get more distance between the camera and the subject, photographers use [[Telephoto lens|telephoto]] macro lenses. Focal lengths from about 100 to 200 mm are popular. This permits lighting.
 
[[Lighting]] can be difficult. Some cameras can focus on subjects so close that they touch the front piece of glass in the lens. It's impossible to place a light between the camera and a subject that close, making this extreme close-up photography impractical. A normal-focal-length lens (50 mm on a 35 mm camera) can focus so close that lighting remains difficult. To get more distance between the camera and the subject, photographers use [[Telephoto lens|telephoto]] macro lenses. Focal lengths from about 100 to 200 mm are popular. This permits lighting.
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